Page updated on March 6th 2024

Published (125) – Reviews (14) – Editorial (6)

First author (47) – Corresponding author (50)

H-index = 51; i10-index = 103; Citations = 7608 (Google Scholar)

H-index = 46; i10-index = 99; Citations = 6242 (Scopus)

H-index = 43; i10-index = 97; Citations = 5453 (Isi Web of Science)



M. Muhyuddin, E. Berretti, S. A. Mirshokraee, J. Orsilli, R. Lorenzi, L. Capozzoli, F. D’Acapito, E. Murphy, S. Guo, P. Atanassov, A. Lavacchi, C. Santoro*. 

Formation of the active site structures during pyrolysis transformation of Fe-phthalocyanine into Fe-Nx-C electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction. 

Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2024, 343, 123515. (IF 2022: 22.1) OPEN ACCESS *corresponding author.



M. Muhyuddin, G. Tseberlidis, M. Acciarri, O. Lori, M. D’Arienzo, M. Cavallini, P. Atanassov, L. Elbaz, A. Lavacchi, C. Santoro*. 

Molybdenum Disulfide as Hydrogen Evolution Catalyst: from Atomistic to Materials Structure and Electrocatalytic Performance. 

Journal of Energy Chemistry. 2023, 87, 256-285. DOI: 10.1016/j.jechem.2023.08.011 (IF 2022: 13.1) OPEN ACCESS *corresponding author. REVIEW


L. Elbaz*, M. Shao*, J. Shui*, C. Santoro*. 

Introduction to the themed issue on frontiers of Hydrogen Energy and Fuel Cells. 

Industrial Chemistry and Materials. 2023, 1, 280-281. DOI: 10.1039/d3im90010j (IF 2022: -) OPEN ACCESS *corresponding author. EDITORIAL


S.A. Mirshokraee, M. Muhyuddin, J. Orsilli, E. Berretti, L. Capozzoli, A. Lavacchi, C. Lo Vecchio, V. Baglio, A. Galli, A. Zaffora, F. Di Franco, M. Santamaria, L. Olivi, S. Pollastri, C. Santoro*. 

Mono-, bi- and tri-metallic platinum group metal-free electrocatalyst for hydrogen evolution reaction following a facile synthetic route. 

Industrial Chemistry and Materials. 2023, 1, 343-359. DOI: 10.1039/D3IM00058C (IF 2022: -) OPEN ACCESS *corresponding author


E. Berretti, L. Osmieri, V. Baglio, H.H. Miller, J. Filippi, F. Vizza, M. Santamaria, S. Specchia, C. Santoro*, A. Lavacchi*. 

Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells: A Comparative Review of Acidic and Alkaline Systems. 

Electrochemical Energy Reviews. 2023, 6:30. DOI: 10.1007/s41918-023-00189-3 (IF 2022: 31.3) OPEN ACCESS *corresponding author


D. Testa, G. Zuccante, M. Muhyuddin, R. Landone, A. Scommegna, R. Lorenzi, M. Acciarri, E. Petri, F. Soavi, L. Poggini, L. Capozzoli, A. Lavacchi, N. Lamanna, A. Franzetti, L. Zoia, C. Santoro*. 

Giving a new life to waste cigarette butts: transformation into platinum group metal-free electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction in acid, neutral and alkaline environment. 

Catalysts 2023, 13, 635. DOI: 10.3390/catal13030635 (IF 2021: 4.501) *corresponding author


S.A. Mirshokraee, M. Muhyuddin, R. Lorenzi, G. Tseberlidis, C. Lo Vecchio, V. Baglio, E. Berretti, A. Lavacchi, C. Santoro*. 

Litchi derived platinum group metal-free electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction and hydrogen evolution reaction in alkaline media. 

SusMat 2023, 3(2), 248-262. DOI: 10.1002/sus2.121 (IF 2021: - ) *corresponding author


E. Giordano, E. Berretti, L. Capozzoli, A. Lavacchi, M. Muhyuddin, C. Santoro, I. Gatto, A. Zaffora, M. Santamaria. 

Boosting DMFC power output by adding sulfuric acid as a supporting electrolyte: effect on cell performance equipped with platinum and platinum group metal-free cathodes. 

Journal of Power Sources 2023, 563, 232806.  DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2023.232806 (IF 2021: 9.794)


F. Poli, C. Santoro, F. Soavi. 

Improving Microbial Fuel Cells power output using internal and external optimized, tailored and totally green supercapacitor. Journal of Power Sources 2023, 564, 232780.  DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2023.232780 (IF 2021: 9.794)


V. Ficca, C. Santoro*, E. Placidi, F. Arciprete, A. Serov, P. Atanassov, B. Mecheri*. 

Exchange Current Density as an Effective Descriptor of Poisoning of Active Sites in Platinum Group Metal-free Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction. 

ACS Catalysis 2023, 13, 2162-2175.  DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.2c05222 (IF 2021: 13.7) *corresponding author


S. A. Mirshokraee, M. Muhyuddin*, R. Morina, L. Poggini, E. Berretti, M. Bellini, A. Lavacchi, C. Ferrara, C. Santoro*. 

Upcycling of Waste Lithium-Cobalt-Oxide from Spent Batteries into Electrocatalysts for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction and Oxygen Reduction Reaction: A Strategy to Turn the Trash into Treasure. 

Journal of Power Sources 2023, 557, 232571. DOI:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2022.232571 (IF 2021: 9.794) *corresponding author


M. Muhyuddin, A. Friedman, F. Poli, E. Petri, H. Honig, F. Basile, A. Fasolini, R. Lorenzi, E. Berretti, M. Bellini, A. Lavacchi, L. Elbaz, C. Santoro*, F. Soavi*. 

Lignin-derived bimetallic platinum group metal-free oxygen reduction reaction electrocatalysts for acid and alkaline fuel cells.

Journal of Power Sources 2023, 556, 232416.  DOI:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2022.232416  (IF 2021: 9.794) *corresponding author



C. Santoro*, M. Grattieri*, S. Babanova*, S. Calabrese Barton*. 

Celebrating Plamen Atanassov’s 60th Birthday. 

ChemElectroChem 2022, e202201090 DOI: 10.1002/celc.202201090. (IF 2021: 4.782) *corresponding author. OPEN ACCESS. EDITORIAL


K. Artyushkova, T. Reshetenko, C. Roth, C. Santoro, A. Serov, J. Andrè, M. Chatenet. 

Editorial for the Virtual Special Issue of Journal of Power Sources “Low temperature fuel cells and electrolysers” - Science and engineering: Let’s play this game hand in hand! 

Journal of Power Sources 2022, 550, 232123. DOI:  10.1016/j.jpowsour.2022.232123 (IF 2021: 9.794) OPEN ACCESS. EDITORIAL


M. Muhyuddin, D. Testa, R. Lorenzi, G. M. Vanacore, F. Poli, F. Soavi, S. Specchia, W. Giurlani, M. Innocenti, L. Rosi, C. Santoro*. 

Iron-based Electrocatalysts Derived from Scrap Tires for Oxygen Reduction Reaction: Evolution of Synthesis-Structure-Performance Relationship in Acidic, Neutral and Alkaline Media. 

Electrochimica Acta 2022, 433, 141254. DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2022.141254. (IF 2021: 7.336) *corresponding author.


M. Muhyuddin*, N. Zocche, R. Lorenzi, C. Ferrara, F. Poli, F. Soavi, C. Santoro*. 

Valorization of the Inedible Pistachio Shells into Nanoscale Transition Metal and Nitrogen Codoped Carbon-Based Electrocatalysts for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction and Oxygen Reduction Reaction. 

Materials for Renewable and Sustainable Energy 2022, 11, 131-141. DOI: 10.1007/s40243-022-00212-5 (IF 2021: - ) *corresponding author. OPEN ACCESS.


C. Santoro, P. Bollella, B. Erable, P. Atanassov, D. Pant. Oxygen reduction reaction electrocatalysis in neutral media for bio-electrochemical systems. Nature Catalysis 2022, 5, 473-484. DOI: 10.1038/s41929-022-00787-2 (IF 2021: 40.71) INVITED REVIEW


C.  Santoro*, A. Lavacchi, P.  Mustarelli, V. Di Noto, L. Elbaz, D.R. Dekel, F. Jaouen. What is next in anion-exchange membrane water electrolyzers? Bottlenecks, benefits, and future. ChemSusChem 2022, 15, e202200027. DOI: 10.1002/cssc.202200027 (IF 2021: 9.14) REVIEW *corresponding author. OPEN ACCESS.


S. Zago, M. Bartoli, M. Muhyuddin, Pravin Jagdale, A. Tagliaferro, G.M. Vanacore, C. Santoro, S. Specchia. 

Engineered biochar derived from pyrolyzed waste tea as a carbon support for Fe-N-C electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction. 

Electrochimica Acta 2022, 412, 140128. DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2022.140128 (IF 2021: 7.336) 


J. Munuera, L. Britnell, C. Santoro, R. Cuéllar-Franca, C. Casiraghi. 

A Review on Sustainable Production of Graphene and related Life Cycle Assessment. 

2D Materials 2022, 9, 012002. DOI: 10.1088/2053-1583/ac3f23 (IF 2021: 6.861) REVIEW OPEN ACCESS.


M. Muhyuddin, J. Filippi, L. Zoia, S. Bonizzoni, R. Lorenzi, E. Berretti, L. Capozzoli, M. Bellini, C. Ferrara, A. Lavacchi, C. Santoro*

Waste face surgical mask transformation into crude oil and nanostructured electrocatalysts for fuel cells and electrolyzers. 

ChemSusChem 15 (2), e202102351. DOI: 10.1002/cssc.202102351 (IF 2021: 9.14) *corresponding author. OPEN ACCESS.


V.C.A. Ficca, C. Santoro*, E. Marsili*, W. Da Silva Freitas, A. Serov, P. Atanassov, B. Mecheri*. 

Sensing nitrite by iron-nitrogen-carbon oxygen reduction electrocatalyst. 

Electrochimica Acta 2022, 402, 139514. DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2021.139514 (IF 2021: 7.336). *corresponding author.


M. Zarattini, C. Dun, L.H. Isherwood, A. Felten, J. Filippi, M.P. Gordon, L. Zhang, O. Kassem, X. Song, W. Zhang, R. Ionescu, J.A. Wittkopf, A. Baidak, H. Holder, C. Santoro, A. Lavacchi, J.J. Urban, C. Casiraghi. 

Synthesis of 2D anatase TiO2 with highly reactive facets by fluorine-free topochemical conversion of 1T-TiS2 nanosheets. 

J. Mater. Chem A 2022, 10, 13884-13894. DOI: 10.1039/d1ta06695a (IF 2021: 14.511) OPEN ACCESS.



B.K. Mutuma, N.F. Sylla, A. Bubu, N.M. Ndiaye, C. Santoro, A. Brilloni, F. Poli, F. Soavi, N. Manyala. 

Valorization of biodigestor plant waste in electrodes for supercapacitors and microbial fuel cells. 

Electrochimica Acta 2021, 391, 138960. DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2021.138960 (IF 2021: 7.336)


M. Muhyuddin, P. Mustarelli, C. Santoro*

Recent Advancements in Waste Plastic Transformation into Valuable Platinum Group Metal-Free Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction. 

ChemSusChem 2021, 14 (18), 3895-3900. DOI: (IF 2021: 9.14) *corresponding author. OPEN ACCESS. 


F. Parnianchi, S. Kashanian, M. Nazari, C. Santoro, P. Bollella, S. Dabirian, K. Varmira. 

Highly Selective and Sensitive Molecularly Imprinting Electrochemical Sensing Platform for Bilirubin Detection in Saliva. 

Microchemical Journal 2021, 168, 106367. DOI: 10.1016/j.microc.2021.106367 (IF 2021: 5.304) 


O. Simoska, E.M. Gaffney, S.D. Minteer, A. Franzetti, P. Cristiani, M. Grattieri*, C. Santoro*. 

Recent Trends and Advances in Microbial Electrochemical Sensing Technologies: An Overview. 

Current Opinion in Electrochemistry 2021, 30, 100762. DOI:10.1016/j.coelec.2021.100762 (IF 2021: 7.664) INVITED REVIEW. *corresponding author


E. Berretti, M. Longhi, P. Atanassov, D. Sebastián, C. Lo Vecchio, V. Baglio, A. Serov, A. Marchionni, F. Vizza, C. Santoro*, A. Lavacchi*.

 Platinum Group Metal-free (PGM-free) Fe-based (Fe-N-C) Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells. 

Current Opinion in Electrochemistry 2021. DOI: 10.1016/j.coelec.2021.100756 (IF 2021: 7.664) INVITED REVIEW. *corresponding author


*C. Santoro*, S, Babanova*, P, Cristiani*, K, Artyushkova, P. Atanassov, A. Bergel, O. Bretschger, R. K. Brown, K. Carpenter, A. Colombo, R. Cortese, B. Erable, F. Harnisch, M. Kodali, S. Phadke, S. Riedl, L.F.M. Rosa, U. Schröder. 

How comparable are microbial electrochemical systems around the globe? An electrochemical and microbiological cross-laboratory study. 

ChemSusChem 2021, 14, 2313-2330. DOI:10.1002/cssc.202100294 (IF 2021: 9.14) *equally contribution *corresponding author. OPEN ACCESS.


S. Babanova*, C. Santoro*, J. Jones, T. Phan, A. Serov, P. Atanassov, O. Bretschger. 

Practical Demonstration of Applicability and Efficiency of Platinum Group Metal-free Based Catalysts in Microbial Fuel Cells for Wastewater Treatment. 

Journal of Power Sources 2021, 491, 229582. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2021.229582 (IF 2021: 9.794) *equally contribution


Z. Hassanvand*, F. Jalali, M. Nazari, F. Parnianchi, C. Santoro*

Carbon Nano-dots in Electrochemical Sensors and Biosensors: A review. ChemElectroChem 2021, 8, 15-35. 

DOI: 10.1002/celc.202001229. (IF 2021: 4.782) *corresponding author. INVITED REVIEW


R. Miera, N. Shaikh, K. Artyushkova, A.-M. Ali, C. Santoro, B. Thomson, K. Howe, J.M. Cerrato. 

Acetaminophen and Caffeine Removal by MnOx(s) and GAC Media in Column Experiments. 

Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology 2021, 7, 134. DOI: 10.1039/D0EW00689K (IF 2021: 5.819)


M.A. Costa de Oliveira, V.C.A. Ficca, R. Gokhale, C. Santoro*, B. Mecheri*, A. D’Epifanio, S. Licoccia, P. Atanassov*

Iron (II) phthalocyanine (FePc) over carbon support for oxygen reduction reaction electrocatalysts operating in alkaline electrolyte. 

Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry 2021, 25, 93-104. DOI: 10.1007/s10008-020-04537-x (IF 2021: 2.747) *corresponding author. OPEN ACCESS.



V.C.A. Ficca, C. Santoro*, A. D’Epifanio, S. Licoccia, A. Serov, P. Atanassov, B. Mecheri*

Effect of Active Site Poisoning on Iron–Nitrogen–Carbon Platinum-Group-Metal-Free Oxygen Reduction Reaction Catalysts Operating in Neutral Media: A Rotating Disk Electrode Study. 

ChemElectroChem 2020, 7 (14), 3044-3055. DOI: 10.1002/celc.202000754 (IF 2020: 4.59) *corresponding author. 


C. Santoro*, A. Serov, K. Artyushkova, P. Atanassov*

Platinum Group Metal-free Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts Employed in Neutral Electrolytes for Bio-electrochemical Reactors Applications. 

Current Opinion in Electrochemistry 2020, 23, 106-113. DOI: 10.1016/j.coelec.2020.06.003 (IF 2020: 7.271) *corresponding author. INVITED REVIEW


X.A. Walter, C. Santoro, J. Greenman, I. Ieropoulos. 

Scaling up self-stratifying supercapacitive microbial fuel cell. 

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2020, 45, 25240-25248. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2020.06.070 (IF 2020: 5.816). OPEN ACCESS.


C. Santoro*, X.A. Walter, F. Soavi, J. Greenman, I. Ieropoulos*

Air-breathing cathode self-powered supercapacitive microbial fuel cell with human urine as electrolyte. 

Electrochimica Acta 2020, 353, 136530. DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2020.136530 (IF 2020: 6.901). OPEN ACCESS. *corresponding author.


I. Gajda, J. You, C. Santoro, J. Greenman, I. Ieropoulos. 

A new method for urine electrofiltration and long term power enhancement using surface modified anodes with activated carbon in ceramic Microbial Fuel Cells. 

Electrochimica Acta 2020, 353, 136388 DOI: 10.​1016/​j.​electacta.​2020.​136388 (IF 2020: 6.901) OPEN ACCESS.


F. Soavi*, C. Santoro*

Supercapacitive Operational Mode in Microbial Fuel Cell. 

Current Opinion in Electrochemistry 2020, 22, 1-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.coelec.2020.03.009 (IF 2020: 7.271) *corresponding author. INVITED REVIEW


X.A. Walter, C. Santoro, J. Greenman, I. Ieropoulos. 

Scalability and stacking of self-stratifying microbial fuel cells treating urine. 

Bioelectrochemistry 2020, 133, 107491 DOI: 10.​1016/​j.​bioelechem.​2020.​107491 (IF 2020: 5.373) OPEN ACCESS. 


C. Santoro*, M.J. Salar Garcia, X.A. Walter, J. You, P. Theodosiou, I. Gajda, O. Obata, J. Winfield, J. Greenman, I. Ieropoulos*

Urine in bioelectrochemical systems: an overall review. 

ChemElectroChem 2020, 7, 1312-1331 DOI: 10.1002/celc.201901995 (IF 2019: 4.59) *corresponding author. OPEN ACCESS. INVITED REVIEW 


F. Poli, J. Seri, C. Santoro*, F. Soavi*

Boosting microbial fuel cells performance by the combination of an external supercapacitor: an electrochemical study.

ChemElectroChem 2020, 7, 893-903 DOI:10.1002/celc.201901876 (IF 2019: 4.59) *corresponding author. 


L. Caizán-Juanarena, C. Borsje, T. Sleutels, D. Yntema, C. Santoro*, I. Ieropoulos, F. Soavi, A. ter Heijne*

Combination of bioelectrochemical systems and electrochemical capacitors: Principles, Analysis and Opportunities. 

Biotechnology Advances 2020, 39, 107456 DOI:10.1016/j.biotechadv.2019.107456 (IF 2020: 14.277) OPEN ACCESS.  *corresponding author.



S. Patil, A. Schievano, C. Santoro, D. Pant. 

Preface - Microbial electrochemical technologies. 

Bioresource Technology Reports 2019, 8, 100336 DOI:10.1016/j.biteb.2019.100336. (IF 2019:-) EDITORIAL


C. Santoro*, J. Winfield, P. Theodosiou, I. Ieropoulos*. 

Supercapacitive paper based microbial fuel cell: high current/power production within a low cost design. 

Bioresource Technology Reports 2019, 7, 100297 DOI:10.1016/j.biteb.2019 (IF 2019: - ). OPEN ACCESS.  *corresponding author.


K.  Artyushkova, S. Rojas-Carbonell, C. Santoro, E. Weiler, A. Serov, R. Awais, R. Gokhale, P. Atanassov. 

Correlations between synthesis and performance of Fe-based PGM-free catalysts in acidic and alkaline media: evolution of surface chemistry and morphology. 

ACS Applied Energy Materials 2019, 2, 8, 5406-5418. DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.9b00331 (IF 2019: 4.473).


P. Bollella, C. Santoro, P. Cristiani, P. Atanassov. 

Bioelectrochemistry: An Electrifying Experience Over 70 Years. 

ChemElectroChem 2019, 6(21), 5356-5357. DOI: 10.1002/celc.201900945 (IF 2019: 4.154) EDITORIAL


P. Kannan, P. Jogdeo, A.F. Mohidin, P.Y. Yung, C. Santoro, T. Seviour, J. Hinks, F.M. Lauro, E. Marsili. 

A novel microbial - bioelectrochemical sensor for the detection of n-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone in wastewater. 

Electrochimica Acta 2019, 317, 604-611.  DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2019.06.018. (IF 2019: 6.215)


C. Santoro*, X.A. Walter, F. Soavi, J. Greenman, I. Ieropoulos*

Self-stratified and self-powered micro-supercapacitor integrated into a microbial fuel cell operating in human urine. 

Electrochimica Acta 2019, 307, 241-252. DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2019.03.194 (IF 2019: 6.215) OPEN ACCESS.  *corresponding author.


M.J. Salar Garcia, C. Santoro, M. Kodali, A. Serov, K. Artyushkova, P. Atanassov, I. Ieropoulos. 

Iron-Streptomycin derived catalyst for efficient oxygen reduction reaction in ceramic microbial fuel cells operating with urine. 

Journal of Power Sources 2019, 425, 50-59. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.03.052 (IF 2019: 8.246) OPEN ACCESS


R. Rossi, B.P. Cario, C. Santoro, W. Yang, P. Saikaly, B.E. Logan. 

Evaluation of electrode and solution area-based resistances enables quantitative comparisons of factors impacting microbial fuel cell performance. 

Environmental Science and Technology 2019, 53 (7), 3977–3986 DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.8b06004 (IF 2019: 7.687) OPEN ACCESS.


X.A. Walter, C. Santoro, J. Greenman, I.A. Ieropoulos. 

Scalability of Self-Stratifying Microbial Fuel Cell: Towards Height Miniaturization. 

Bioelectrochemistry 2019, 127, 68-75. DOI: 10.​1016/​j.​bioelechem.​2019.​01.​004 (IF 2019: 4.722) OPEN ACCESS.


C. Santoro*, M. Kodali, N. Shamoon, A. Serov, F. Soavi, I. Merino-Jimenez, I. Gajda, J. Greenman, I. Ieropoulos*, P. Atanassov. 

Increased Power Generation in Supercapacitive Microbial Fuel Cell Stack using Fe-N-C Cathode Catalyst. 

Journal of Power Sources 2019, 412, 416-424. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2018.11.069 (IF 2019: 8.246) OPEN ACCESS. *corresponding author.


I. Gajda, J. Greenman, C. Santoro, A. Serov, P. Atanassov, C. Melhuish, I.A. Ieropoulos. 

Multi-Functional Microbial Fuel Cells for Power, Treatment and Electro-Osmotic Purification of Urine. 

Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology 2019, 94(7), 2098-2106. DOI: (IF 2019: 2.75). OPEN ACCESS.


X.A. Walter, C. Santoro, J. Greenman, I. Ieropoulos. 

Self-Stratifying Microbial Fuel Cell: the Importance of the Cathode Electrode Immersion Height. 

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2019, 44(9), 4524-4532. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.07.033 (IF 2019: 4.939). OPEN ACCESS.



B. Mecheri*, R. Gokhale, C. Santoro*, M.A. Costa de Oliveira, A. D’Epifanio, S. Licoccia, A. Serov, K. Artyushkova, P. Atanassov. 

Oxygen Reduction Reaction Electrocatalysts Derived from Iron Salt and Benz- and Aminobenzimidazole Precursors and their Application in Microbial Fuel Cell Cathodes. 

ACS Applied Energy Materials 2018, 1(10), 5755-5765. DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.8b01360 (IF 2019: 4.473). OPEN ACCESS. *corresponding author.


B. Erable*, M. Oliot, R. Lacroix, A. Bergel, A. Serov, M. Kodali, C. Santoro*, P. Atanassov. 

Iron-Nicarbazin Derived Platinum Group Metal-free Electrocatalyst in Scalable-size Air-breathing Cathodes for Microbial Fuel Cells. 

Electrochimica Acta. 2018. 277, 127-135. DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2018.04.190 (IF 2018: 5.383) OPEN ACCESS.  *corresponding author.


Y. Chen, K. Artyushkova, S. Rojas-Carbonell, A. Serov, I. Matanovic, C. Santoro, T. Asset, P. Atanassov. 

Inhibition of Surface Chemical Moieties by Tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane: a Key to Understanding Oxygen Reduction on Iron-Nitrogen-Carbon Catalysts. 

ACS Applied Energy Materials 2018, 1, 5, 1942-1949. DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.8b00020 (IF 2019: 4.473)


S. Rojas-Carbonell, K. Artyushkova, A. Serov, C. Santoro, I. Matanovic, P. Atanassov. 

Effect of pH on the Activity of Platinum Group Metal-free Catalysts in Oxygen Reduction Reaction. 

ACS Catalysis 2018, 8, 3041-3053. DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.7b03991 (IF 2018: 12.221)


F. Lopez Moruno, J.E. Rubio, P. Atanassov, J.M. Cerrato, C.G. Arges*, C. Santoro*

Microbial Desalination Cell with Sulfonated Sodium Poly (Ether Ether Ketone) as Cation Exchange Membranes for Enhancing Power Generation and Salt Reduction. 

Bioelectrochemistry 2018, 121, 176-184. DOI: 10.1016/j.bioelechem.2018.02.004. (IF 2018: 4.476) OPEN ACCESS. *corresponding author.


C. Santoro*, C. Flores-Cadengo, F. Soavi, M. Kodali, I. Merino-Jimenez, I. Gajda, J. Greenman, I. Ieropoulos*, P. Atanassov.

Ceramic Microbial Fuel Cells Stack: Power Generation in Standard and Supercapacitive Mode. 

Scientific Reports 2018, 8, 3281. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-21404-y. (IF 2018: 4.011) OPEN ACCESS. *corresponding author.


M. Kodali, S. Herrera, S. Kabir, A. Serov, C. Santoro, I. Ieropoulos, P. Atanassov. 

Enhancement of Microbial Fuel Cell Performance by Introducing a Nano-composite Cathode Catalyst.

Electrochimica Acta 2018, 265, 56-64. DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2018.01.118 (IF 2018: 5.383) OPEN ACCESS.


C. Santoro*, M. Kodali, S. Herrera, A. Serov, I. Ieropoulos, P. Atanassov. 

Power Generation in Microbial Fuel Cells using Platinum Group Metal-free Cathode Catalyst: Effect of the Catalyst Loading on Performance and Costs. 

Journal of Power Sources 2018, 378, 169-178. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.12.017 (IF 2018: 7.467) OPEN ACCESS. *corresponding author.


I. Gajda, J. Greenman, C. Santoro, A. Serov, C. Melhuish, P. Atanassov, I. Ieropoulos. 

Improved Power and Long Term Performance of Microbial Fuel Cell with Fe-N-C Catalyst in Air-Breathing Cathode. 

Energy 2018, 144, 1073-1079. DOI: 10.1016/ (IF 2018: 5.537) OPEN ACCESS.


F. Lopez Moruno, J.E. Rubio, C. Santoro*, P Atanassov, J. M. Cerrato, C.G. Arges*. 

Investigation of Patterned and Non-Patterned Poly(2,6-dimethyl 1,4-phenylene) Oxide Based Anion Exchange Membranes for Enhanced Desalination and Power Generation in a Microbial Desalination Cell. 

Solid State Ionics 2018, 341, 141-148. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssi.2017.11.004. (IF 2018: 2.886) OPEN ACCESS. *corresponding author.


C. Santoro, S. Rojas-Carbonell, R. Awais, R. Gokhale, M. Kodali, A. Serov, K. Artyushkova, P. Atanassov. Influence of Platinum Group Metal-free Catalyst Synthesis on Microbial Fuel Cell Performance. Journal of Power Sources 2018, 375, 11-20. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.11.039 (IF 2018: 7.467) OPEN ACCESS.



C. Santoro*, F. Benito Abad, A. Serov, M. Kodali, K.J. Howe, F. Soavi, P. Atanassov. 

Supercapacitive Microbial Desalination Cells: New Class of Power Generating Devices for Reduction of Salinity Content. 

Applied Energy 2017, 208, 25-36. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.10.056 (IF 2017: 7.9) OPEN ACCESS. *corresponding author.


C. Santoro, M. Rezeai Talarposhti, M. Kodali, R. Gokhale, A. Serov, I. Merino-Jimenez, I. Ieropoulos, P. Atanassov.

Microbial Desalination Cells with Efficient Platinum Group Metal-free Cathode Catalysts. 

ChemElectroChem 2017, 4, 3322-3330. DOI: 10.1002/celc.201700626 (IF 2017: 4.446) OPEN ACCESS


M. Kodali, C. Santoro, S. Herrera, A. Serov, P. Atanassov. 

Bimetallic Platinum Group Metal-free Catalysts for High Power Generating Microbial Fuel Cells. 

Journal of Power Sources 2017, 366, 18-26. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.08.110 (IF 2017: 6.945) OPEN ACCESS


C. Santoro*, R. Gokhale, B. Mecheri*, A. D'Epifanio, S. Licoccia, A. Serov, K. Artyushkova, P. Atanassov. 

Design of Iron(II) Pthalocyanine (FePc) Derived Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts for High Power Density Microbial Fuel Cells. 

ChemSusChem 2017, 10, 3243-3251. DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201700851 (IF 2017: 7.411) OPEN ACCESS *corresponding author.


C. Santoro*, C. Arbizzani*, B. Erable*, I. Ieropoulos*

Special Issue: “Microbial fuel cell: From Fundamentals to Applications”: Guest Editors note. 

Journal of Power Sources 2017, 356, 223-224. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.04.071 (IF 2017: 6.945) *corresponding author. EDITORIAL


C. Santoro*, C. Arbizzani*, B. Erable*, I. Ieropoulos*

Microbial Fuel Cells: from Fundamentals to Applications. A Review. 

Journal of Power Sources 2017, 356, 225-244. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.03.109 (IF 2017: 6.945) OPEN ACCESS *corresponding author. INVITED REVIEW


C. Santoro, M. Kodali, S. Kabir, F. Soavi, A. Serov, P. Atanassov. 

Three-Dimensional Graphene Nanosheets as Cathode Catalysts in Standard and Supercapacitive Microbial Fuel Cell. 

Journal of Power Sources 2017, 356, 371-380. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.03.135 (IF 2017: 6.945) OPEN ACCESS


M. Kodali, C. Santoro, A. Serov, S. Kabir, K. Artyushkova, I. Matanovic, P. Atanassov. 

Air Breathing Cathodes for Microbial Fuel Cell using Mn-, Fe-, Co- and Ni-containing Platinum Group Metal-free Catalysts

Electrochimica Acta 2017, 231, 115-124. DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2017.02.033 (IF 2017: 5.116) OPEN ACCESS


S. Rojas-Carbonell, S. Babanova, A. Serov, K. Artyushkova, M.J. Workman, C. Santoro, A. Mirabal, S. Calabrese Barton, P. Atanassov. 

Integration of Platinum Group Metal-Free Catalysts with Bilirubin Oxidase into a Hybrid Material for Oxygen Reduction Reaction: Interplay of Chemistry and Morphology. 

ChemSusChem 2017. 10(7), 1534–1542. DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201601822 (IF 2017: 7.411)


S. Rojas-Carbonell, C. Santoro, A. Serov, P. Atanassov. 

Transition Metal-Nitrogen-Carbon Catalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction in Neutral Electrolyte. 

Electrochemistry Communication 2017, 75, 38-42. DOI: 10.1016/j.elecom.2016.12.011 (IF 2017: 4.66) OPEN ACCESS


C. Santoro, A. Serov, R. Gokhale, S. Rojas Carbonell, L. Stariha, J. Gordon, K. Artyushkova, P. Atanassov. 

A Family of Fe-N-C Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts for Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) Application: Relationships between Surface Chemistry and Performances

Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2017, 205, 24-33. DOI: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2016.12.013. (IF 2017: 11.698) OPEN ACCESS


M. Kodali, R. Gokhale, C. Santoro, A. Serov, K. Artyushkova, P. Atanassov. 

High Performance Platinum Group Metal-free cathode Catalysts for Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC). 

Journal of The Electrochemical Society 2017, 164(3), H3041-H3046. DOI: 10.1149/2.0061703jes. (IF 2017: 3.662) OPEN ACCESS



*C. Santoro*, *F. Soavi*, C. Arbizzani, A. Serov, S. Kabir, O. Bretschger, K. Carpenter, P. Atanassov. 

Co-generation of Hydrogen and Power/Current Pulses from Supercapacitive MFCs using Novel HER Iron-based Catalysts. 

Electrochimica Acta 2016, 220, 672-682. DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2016.10.154. (IF 2016: 4.798) *equally contribution *corresponding author OPEN ACCESS


*K. Artyushkova, *D. Roizman, *C. Santoro*, L.E. Doyle, A. Fatima Mohidin, P. Atanassov, E. Marsili*

Anodic Biofilms as the Interphase for Electro-active Bacterial Growth on Carbon Veil. 

Biointerphases. 2016, 11, 031013. DOI: 10.1116/1.4962264 (IF 2016: 2.603) *equally contribution. *corresponding authors.


I. Merino-Jimenez, C. Santoro, S. Rojas-Carbonell, J. Greenman, I. Ieropoulos, P. Atanassov. 

Carbon-based Air-breathing Cathodes for Microbial Fuel Cells. 

Catalysts 2016, 6(9), 127. doi:10.3390/catal6090127 (IF 2016: 3.082). OPEN ACCESS


*C. Narvaez Villarubia, *F. Soavi, *C. Santoro, C. Arbizzani, A. Serov, S. Rojas-Carbonell, G. Gupta, P. Atanassov. 

Self-Feeding Paper Based Biofuel Cell / Self-Powered Hybrid μ-supercapacitor Integrated System. 

Biosensors Bioelectronics 2016, 86, 459-465.  DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2016.06.084 (IF 2016: 7.78) *equally contribution.


J. Houghton, C. Santoro, F. Soavi, A. Serov, I. Ieropoulos, C. Arbizzani, P. Atanassov. 

Supercapacitive Microbial Fuel Cell: Characterization and Analysis for Improved Charge Storage/Delivery Performance. 

Bioresource Technology 2016, 218, 552-560. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2016.06.105 (IF 2016: 5.651) OPEN ACCESS


C. Santoro, A. Serov, L. Stariha, M. Kodali, J. Gordon, S. Babanova, O. Bretschger, K. Artyushkova, P. Atanassov. 

Iron Based Catalysts from Novel Low-cost Organic Precursors for Enhanced Oxygen Reduction Reaction in Neutral Media Microbial Fuel Cells. 

Energy and Environmental Science 2016, 9, 2346-2353. DOI: 10.1039/C6EE01145D. (IF 2016: 29.518). OPEN ACCESS


F. Soavi, L.G. Bettini, P. Piseri, P. Milani, C. Santoro, P. Atanassov, C. Arbizzani. 

Miniaturized Supercapacitors: Key Materials and Structures Towards Autonomous and Sustainable Devices and Systems. 

Journal of Power Sources 2016, 326, 717-725. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.04.131. (IF 2016: 6.395). OPEN ACCESS


I. Gajda, J. Greenman, C. Melhuish, C. Santoro, I. Ieropoulos. 

Microbial Fuel Cell - Driven Caustic Potash Production from Wastewater for Carbon Sequestration

Bioresource Technology 2016, 215, 285-289.  DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2016.04.004 (IF 2015: 5.651). OPEN ACCESS


J.P. Correa Baena, K. Artyushkova, C. Santoro, P. Atanassov, A.G. Agrios. 

Morphological Characterization of ALD and Doping Effects on Mesoporous SnO2 Aerogels by XPS and Quantitative SEM Image Analysis. 

ACS Applied Materials Interfaces 2016, 8 (15), 9849–9854. DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b00019. (IF 2016: 7.504)


C. Santoro, A. Fatima, L. Lo Grasso, K. Palanisamy, T. Seviour, J. Hinks, F. Lauro, E. Marsili. 

Sub-toxic Concentrations of Volatile Organic Compounds Inhibit Extracellular Respiration of Escherichia coli Cells Grown in Anodic Bioelectrochemical Systems. 

Bioelectrochemistry 112, 2016, 173-177. DOI: 10.1016/j.bioelechem.2016.02.003. (IF 2016: 3.346)


C. Santoro, F. Soavi, A. Serov, C. Arbizzani, P. Atanassov. 

Self-Powered Supercapacitive Microbial Fuel Cell: The Ultimate Way of Boosting and Harvesting Power. 

Biosensors Bioelectronics 2016, 78, 229-235. DOI : 10.1016/j.bios.2015.11.026. (IF 2016: 7.78).


C. Santoro, S. Babanova, B. Erable, A. Schuler, P. Atanassov. 

Bilirubin Oxidase Based Enzymatic Air-breathing Cathode: Operation Under Pristine And Contaminated Conditions.

Bioelectrochemistry 2016, 108, 1-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.bioelechem.2015.10.005. (IF 2016: 3.346)



I. Gajda, J. Greenman, C. Melhuish, C. Santoro, B. Li, P. Cristiani, I. Ieropoulos. 

Electro-osmotic-based Catholyte Production by Microbial Fuel Cells for Carbon Capture. 

Water Research 2015, 86, 108–115. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2015.08.014. (IF 2015: 5.991). OPEN ACCESS


C. Santoro, A. Serov, C.W. Narvaez Villarrubia, S. Stariha, S. Babanova, K. Artyushkova, A.J. Schuler, P. Atanassov. 

High Catalytic Activity and Pollutants Resistivity using Fe-AAPyr Cathode Catalyst for Microbial Fuel Cell Application. 

Scientific Report 2015, 5, 16596. DOI: 10.1038/srep16596 (IF 2015: 5.228) OPEN ACCESS


M. Santini, M. Guilizzoni, M. Lorenzi, P. Atanassov, E. Marsili, S. Fest-Santini, P. Cristiani*, C. Santoro*

Three-Dimensional X-ray Micro Computed Tomography Of Carbonates And Biofilm On Operated Cathode In Single Chamber Microbial Fuel Cell. 

Biointerphases 2015, 10, 031009. DOI: 10.1116/1.4930239 (IF 2015: 2.105) OPEN ACCESS *corresponding author.   


C. Santoro, K. Artyushkova, I. Gajda, S. Babanova, A. Serov, P. Atanassov, J. Greenman, I. Ieropoulos, A. Colombo, S. Trasatti, P. Cristiani. 

Cathode Materials For Ceramic Based Microbial Fuel Cells. 

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2015, 40(42), 14706–14715. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.07.054. (IF 2015: 3.205).


C. Santoro, S. Babanova, K. Artyushkova, J.A. Cornejo, L.K. Ista, O. Bretschger, E. Marsili, P. Atanassov, A.J. Schuler. Influence of Anode Surface Chemistry on Microbial Fuel Cell Operation. 

Bioelectrochemistry 2015, 106, 141-149. DOI: 10.1016/j.bioelechem.2015.05.002. (IF 2015: 3.556)


J. A. Cornejo, C. Lopez, S. Babanova, C. Santoro, K. Artyushkova, L. K. Ista, A.J. Schuler, P. Atanassov. 

Surface Modification for Enhanced Biofilm Formation and Electron Transport In Shewanella Anodes. 

Journal of The Electrochemical Society 2015, 162 (9) H597-H603. DOI: 10.1149/2.0271509jes. (IF 2015: 3.014)


K. Artyushkova, J.A. Cornejo, L.K. Ista, S. Babanova, C. Santoro, P. Atanassov, A.J. Schuler. 

Relationship Between Surface Chemistry, Biofilm Structure and Electron Transport In Shewanella Anodes. 

Biointerphases 2015, 10, 019013. DOI: 10.1116/1.4913783 (IF 2015: 2.105) OPEN ACCESS


C. Santoro, A. Serov, C.W. Narvaez Villarrubia, S. Stariha, S. Babanova, A.J. Schuler, K. Artyushkova, P. Atanassov. 

Double Chamber MFC With Non Platinum Group Metal Fe-N-C Cathode Catalyst. 

ChemSusChem 2015, 8(5), 828-834. DOI : 10.1002/cssc201402570. (IF 2015: 7.116).


M. Grattieri, S. Babanova, C. Santoro, E. Guerrini, S.P.M. Trasatti, P. Cristiani, M. Bestetti, P. Atanassov. 

Enzymatic Oxygen Micro-sensor Based on Bilirubin Oxidase Applied to Microbial Fuel Cells Analysis. 

Electroanalysis 2015, 27(2), 327-335. DOI: 10.1002/elan.201400543 (IF 2015: 2.471).



C. Santoro, S. Babanova, K. Artyushkova, P. Atanassov, J. Greenman, P. Cristiani, S. Trasatti, A.J. Schuler, B. Li, I. Ieropoulos. 

The Effects of Wastewater Types on the Performance of Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) with Activated Carbon (AC) Cathodes. 

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2014, 39(36), 21796-21802. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.09.167. (IF 2014: 3.313).


J. You, J. Greenman, C. Melhuish, C. Santoro, P. Cristiani, B. Li, I. Ieropolous. 

Micro-porous Layer (MPL)-based Anode for Microbial Fuel Cells. 

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2014, 39(36), 21811-21818. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.07.136. (IF 2014: 3.313).


U. Karra, E. Muto, R. Umaz, M. Kölln, C. Santoro, L. Wang, B. Li. 

Performance Evaluation of Activated Carbon-Based Electrodes with Novel Power Management System for Long-Term Benthic Microbial Fuel Cells. 

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2014, 39(36), 21847-21856. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.06.095. (IF 2014: 3.313).


I. Gajda, J. Greenman, C. Melhuish, C. Santoro, B. Li, P. Cristiani, I. Ieropoulos. 

Water Formation at the Cathode and Sodium Recovery using Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs). 

Sustainable Energies Technologies and Assessments, 2014, 7, 187-194. DOI: 10.1016/j.seta.2014.05.001 (IF 2018: 3.456)


B. Li, J. Zhou, X. Zhou, X. Wang, B. Li, C. Santoro, M. Grattieri, S. Babanova, K. Artyushkova, P. Atanassov, A.J. Schuler. Surface Modification of Microbial Fuel Cell Anodes: Approaches to Practical Design. 

Electrochimica Acta 2014, 134, 116-126. DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2014.04.136 (IF 2014: 4.504)


C. Santoro, K. Artyushkova, S. Babanova, P. Atanassov, I. Ieropoulos, M. Grattieri, P. Cristiani, S. Trasatti, B. Li, A.J. Schuler. 

Parameters Characterization and Optmization of Activated Carbon (AC) Cathodes for Microbial Fuel Cell Applications. 

Bioresource Technology 2014, 163, 54-63. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2014.03.091. (IF 2014: 4.494)


B. Liu, C. Brueckner, Y. Lei, Y. Cheng, C. Santoro, B. Li. 

Cobalt Porphyrin-Based Material as Methanol Tolerant Cathode in Single Chamber Microbial Fuel Cells (SCMFC). 

Journal of Power Sources 2014, 257, 246–253. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.01.117. (IF 2014: 6.217) 


E. Guerrini, P. Cristiani, M. Grattieri, C. Santoro, B. Li, S. Trasatti. 

Electrochemical Behavior of Stainless Steel Anodes in Membraneless Microbial Fuel Cells. 

Journal of The Electrochemical Society 2014,161(3), H62-H67. DOI: 10.1149/2.096401jes. (IF 2014: 3.266)


C. Santoro, M. Guilizzoni, J. P. Correa Baena, U. Pasaogullari, A. Casalegno, B. Li, S. Babanova, K. Artyushkova, P. Atanassov. 

The Effect of Carbon Surface Properties on Bacteria Attachment and Start Up Time of Microbial Fuel Cells. 

Carbon 2014, 67, 128-139. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2013.09.071. (IF 2014: 6.196)



C. Santoro*

Bilirubin Oxidase (BOx) Based Cathode for Microbial Fuel Cell Application: Effect of Bacteria/Pollutants Presence on Enzyme Stability. 

Electrochemical Society Interface 2013, 22 (4), 89-90. *corresponding author


C. Santoro, S. Babanova, P. Atanassov, B. Li, I. Ieropoulos, P. Cristiani

High Power Generation by a Membraneless Single Chamber Microbial Fuel Cell (SCMFC) using Enzymatic Bilirubin Oxidase (BOx) Air-Breathing Cathode. 

Journal of The Electrochemical Society 2013, 160 (10), H720-H726. DOI: 10.1149/2.058310jes. (IF 2013: 2.859)


G. Papaharalabos, J. Greenman, C. Melhuish, C. Santoro, P. Cristiani, B. Li, I. Ieropoulos. 

Increased Power Output from Micro Porous Layer (MPL) Cathode Microbial Fuel Cells (MFC). 

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2013, 38, 11552-11558. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.05.138. (IF 2013: 2.93)


C. Santoro*, A. Stadlhofer, V. Hacker*, G. Squadrito, U. Schröder, B. Li*

Activated Carbon Nanofibers (ACNF) as Cathode for Single Chamber Microbial Fuel Cells (SCMFCs). 

Journal of Power Sources 2013, 243, 499-507. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.06.061. (IF 2013: 5.211) *corresponding author


C. Santoro*, M. Cremins, U. Pasaogullari, M. Guilizzoni, A. Casalegno, A. Mackay, B. Li*

Evaluation of Water Transport and Oxygen Presence in Single Chamber Microbial Fuel Cells with Carbon-Based Cathodes. 

Journal of The Electrochemical Society 2013, 160 (7), G128-G134. DOI: 10.1149/2.020307jes. (IF 2013: 2.859) *corresponding author


X. Wang, C. Santoro, P. Cristiani, G. Squadrito, Y. Lei, A. G. Agrios, U. Pasaogullari, B. Li. 

Influence of Electrode Characteristics on Coulombic Efficiency (CE) in Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) Treating wastewater. 

Journal of The Electrochemical Society 2013, 160 (7), G117-122. DOI : 10.1149/2.019307jes. (IF 2013: 2.859)


C. Santoro*, I. Ieropoulos*, J. Greenman, P. Cristiani, T. Vadas, A. Mackay, B. Li*

Current Generation in Membraneless Single Chamber Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) Treating Urine. 

Journal of Power Sources 2013, 238, 190-196. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.03.095. (IF 2013: 5.211) *corresponding author


C. Santoro, I. Ieropoulos, J. Greenman, P. Cristiani, T. Vadas, A. Mackay, B. Li. 

Power Generation and Contaminant Removal in Single Chamber Microbial Fuel Cells (SCMFCs) Treating Human Urine. 

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2013, 38, 11543-11551. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.02.070. (IF 2013: 2.93)


P. Cristiani, M.L. Carvalho, E. Guerrini, M. Daghio, C. Santoro, B. Li. 

Cathodic and Anodic Biofilms in Single Chamber Microbial Fuel Cells. 

Bioelectrochemistry 2013, 92, 6-13. DOI: 10.1016/j.bioelechem.2013.01.005. (IF 2013 : 3.87)


C. Santoro*, B. Li*, P. Cristiani, G. Squadrito. 

Power Generation of Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) with Low Cathodic Platinum Loading. 

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2013, 38(1), 692-700. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.05.104. (IF 2013: 2.93) *corresponding author 



C. Santoro, U. Karra, B. Li, A.G. Agrios, G. Squadrito, P. Cristiani. 

Effects of Cathodic Platinum Loadings and Organic Substrate Concentrations on the Performance of Single Chamber Microbial Fuel Cells Fed with Raw Wastewater. 

ECS Transactions 2012, 50(54), 47-54. DOI: 10.1149/05054.0047ecst.


C. Santoro, A. G. Agrios, B. Li, P. Cristiani. 

The Correlation of the Anodic and Cathodic Open Circuit Potential (OCP) and Power Generation in Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs). 

ECS Transactions 2012, 41(11), 45-53. DOI: 10.1149/1.3687390.


C. Santoro, P. Cristiani, A. G. Agrios, B. Li. 

Effects of Anode and Cathode Area on Organic Compounds Removal and Power Generation in Membraneless Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC). 

ECS Transactions 2012, 41(11), 57-63. DOI: 10.1149/1.3687391. 


M. Zago, A. Casalegno, C. Santoro, R. Marchesi. 

Water Transport and Flooding in DMFC: Experimental and Modelling Analyses. 

Journal of Power Sources 2012, 217, 381-391. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.06.022. (IF 2012: 4.675)


C. Santoro, Y. Lei, B. Li, P. Cristiani. 

Power Generation from Wastewater using Single Chamber Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) with Platinum-free Cathodes and Pre-colonized Anodes. 

Biochemical Engineering Journal 2012, 62, 8-16. DOI: 10.1016/j.bej.2011.12.006. (IF 2012: 2.692)



C. Santoro, A. Agrios, U. Pasaogullari, B. Li. 

Effect of Gas Diffusion Layer (GDL) and Micro Porous Layer (MPL) on Cathode Performance in Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs). 

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2011, 36(20), 13096-13104. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.07.030. (IF 2011: 4.054)


A. Casalegno, C. Santoro, F. Rinaldi, R. Marchesi. 

Low Methanol Crossover and High Efficiency Direct Methanol Fuel Cell: The Influence of Diffusion Layer. 

Journal of Power Sources 2011, 196, 2669-2675. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.11.050. (IF 2011: 4.95)